Submissions may be made electronically via e-mail to : jackie@jgbm.org

  ◆ Manuscript Format

  An abstract is acceptable for a quick review. Electronic submissions are preferred. Please use MS Word only. The full paper should be a maximum of TEN pages including an abstract (200 words approx.), keywords , appendices, references, figures and tables. In general, the paper must be the way you want it to look in the publication. Hence tables must be placed where you want them to appear. Papers are to be prepared in English and totally edited to avoid grammatical and typographical errors. Papers must be written in a clear concise manner for ease of reading and interpretation.

 Page number should begin with the number 1 and be centered at the bottom of the page in a Times font at 10 points . The manuscript must be single-spaced with 1 inch (2.54 cm) margins on all four sides and not exceed ten pages in length. The entire paper must be in any Times font at 10 points with the exception of the title, which must be an 16 point and bold. The paper should begin with title, author's information (10 point font and lower case), and the word "abstract" (10 point font, bold and capitalized) each of which must be centered. The balance of the paper should be fully justified.

 As for line spacing, it should be title on the first line or lines and then author's information with one line per author and no blank lines between the title and author's information. The author's information line should contain first name, last name and institutional affiliation. Leave two blank lines between author's information and the word abstract. Leave one blank line between the word abstract and the abstract itself. Leave two blank lines between the abstract and the body of the manuscript. There must be a blank line between paragraphs with the first line each paragraph indented (0.5 inches). Please do not use columns. Please omit headers and footers . References need to be consistent and in a generally accepted format. Every sub-heading should be bold and capitalized. The manuscript should be in one file entirely in Microsoft Word. No other software may be used.


◆ Other


 Each submission should include a separate page for the paper's title and the name, mailing and e-mail address of the contact person for the paper. However, papers submitted earlier will be reviewed immediately and participants will be notified as soon as possible . All submissions are subject to a two person blind peer review process.

Human Resource Management Plays a New role in Learning Organizations
(Main Title: 16pt:Bold)  (one space)
Dr. Gloria Wang, Associate professor of Northern Institute of Science and Technology
(Bold: 10pt: Title Case)
(two spaces)


 Needless to say, the performance of Human Resource Management (HRM) has a tremendous impact on growth, market/book value, and productivity especially in today’s global competitive market. In order to survive in today’s business market, many companies have done their best to shift from their old shells to the new ones. Peter M. Senge (1990) devoted a new idea for those who wished to change their traditional business operation systems. The idea was to integrate the applications of the five disciplines of a learning organization into their companies. However, the processes of transforming are complex. HRM must play a new role in order to help the organization to apply the concepts of learning organization successfully.

(one space)

INTRODUCTION (Title: 10pt: Centered: Capital: Bold)

(one space)

(Text: 10pt: Roman Times font: Justified: Indentation: 0.5 inches)
The phrase "learning organization" has become popular used nowadays in many different enterprises. It is because most enterprises have shifted from traditional operations to complex and flexible ones. Marsick and Watkins (1994) indicated that "learning organization" learns continuously and can transform itself. It empowers the people, encourages collaboration and team learning, promotes open dialogue, and acknowledges the interdependence of individuals, the organization, and the community.
(one space)

Human Resource Management in New Era

(Sub-Title: 10pt: Aligned Left: Title Case: Bold)

(Text: 10pt: Roman Times font: Justified: Indentation: 0.5 inches)

Sphr (1999) stated that “Human Resource Management (HRM) is the utilization of human resources to achieve organizational objectives” (p.4). Since overall business markets have increased great competitions, HRM gradually appears to be enormous and expanding. Nowadays, the HRM system normally includes five functional areas which are human resource planning, recruitment, and selection; human resource development; compensation and benefits; safety and health; and employee and labor relations (Sphr ,1999).

(one space)
Figure2: Human Resource Management in the Learning Organization

(Figure, Table: 10pt: Centered: Bold)



(10pt: Centered: Bold: Capital)

(One space)

(Text: 8pt: Times font, APA style preferred)
Garvin, David A. (1993). Building a learning organization, Harvard Business Review, July-August 1993 pp.78-91.
Kine, P. & Sunders, B. (1993). Ten steps to a learning organization. Virginia: Greatocean.
Marsick, V. (1990). Action Learning and Reflection in the Workplace. In Mezirow, J. and Associates, Fostering Critical
  Reflection in Adulthood, pp.23-46. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.


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